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Today’s History Spotlight
The Subsequent Nuremberg Trials begin. Held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, these trials accused high-ranking Nazi officials with war crimes and crimes against humanity. Held before US military courts, the first hearing consisted of the Doctors’ Trial. The last of these trials was concluded on April 13, 1949.
The primary Nuremberg Trials began on November 20, 1945, and ended on October 1, 1946. The Pacific equivalent of the Nuremberg Trials, known as the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, was held from 1946-1948.
What Happened On This Day – December 9
- 1979 Smallpox declared eradicated. The World Health Organization officially certified that after a number of concentrated vaccination campaigns around the world smallpox had been eradicated. Only two infectious diseases have been completely eradicated in history; the other is Rinderpest, which is an infectious disease of cattle that was eradicated in 2011.
- 1965 Charlie Brown Christmas makes airs for the first time on television. The popular animated musical special about Christmas was based on Charles M. Schulz’s comic strip called Peanuts. The special was critically acclaimed as a telling commentary on the loss of the spirit of Christmas among Americans. It is now screened every year at Christmas time around the world.
- 1961 Tanganyika gains independence. The Republic of Tanganyika was administered by the British from 1916 until 1961. Part of German East Africa, the territory was officially handed over to the British by League of Nations mandate in 1922. The Republic was short-lived. In April 1964, it joined the People’s Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which became the United Republic of Tanzania in 1965.
- 1960 First episode of Coronation Street airs. The longest running TV soap opera, this British production follows the life of people living on Coronation Street, a fictional street in a fictional suburb of Manchester.
- 1893 Auguste Vaillant bombs the French Chamber of Deputies. Auguste Vaillant, a French anarchist, bombed the French Chamber of Deputies. No one was hurt in the attack, but Vaillant was sentenced and executed for his actions.
Births On This Day – December 9
- 1968 Kurt Angle – American wrestler, actor
- 1953 John Malkovich – American actor
- 1934 Judi Dench – English actress
- 1895 Dolores Ibárruri – Spanish politician
- 1608 John Milton – English poet
Deaths On This Day – December 9
- 2012 Patrick Moore – English astronomer, television host
- 1998 Archie Moore – American boxer
- 1979 Fulton J. Sheen – American archbishop
- 1941 Dmitry Merezhkovsky – Russian author, poet, philosopher
- 1437 Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
The sections “What Happened On This Day,” “Births On This Day,” and “Deaths On This Day” originally appeared at TimeandDate.com and is republished with permission. ©All rights reserved.