Today’s History Spotlight
Carlson’s Patrol during the Guadalcanal Campaign comes to an end. Under the command of General Evans Carlson, Marine Raiders conducted a series of operations on various locations in the Solomon Islands, liberating them from Imperial Japanese control.
Overall, the Guadalcanal Campaign proved to be a turning point for the Pacific Theater during World War II. Other major turning points in the Pacific included the Battles of Midway, Peleliu, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa.
What Happened On This Day – December 4
- 1991 Pan Am ceases operations. The Pan American World Airways, the largest airline in the United States began operations in October 1927.
- 1982 China adopts its current constitution. The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China replaced the Constitutions of 1954, 1975, and 1978.
- 1980 Led Zeppelin disbands. The British rock band announced that it was disbanding 12 years after coming on the music scene after the death of drummer John Bonham.
- 1978 Dianne Feinstein became the first female mayor of San Francisco. A United States Senator from California, Feinstein became the 38th mayor of San Francisco after the murder of George Moscone.
- 1791 First Sunday paper published. The Observer, a British newspaper became the first newspaper in the world to be published and read on a Sunday.
Births On This Day – December 4
- 1969 Jay-Z – American rapper, producer, actor, co-founded Roc-A-Fella Records
- 1964 Marisa Tomei – American actress
- 1949 Jeff Bridges – American actor, singer, producer
- 1923 Charles Keating – American lawyer, businessman
- 1892 Francisco Franco – Spanish general, politician, Caudillo of Spain
Deaths On This Day – December 4
- 1993 Frank Zappa – American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer
- 1976 Benjamin Britten – English composer, conductor, pianist
- 1975 Hannah Arendt – German/American theorist, philosopher
- 1893 John Tyndall – British physicist
- 1123 Omar Khayyám – Persian mathematician, astronomer, poet
The sections “What Happened On This Day,” “Births On This Day,” and “Deaths On This Day” originally appeared at TimeandDate.com and is republished with permission. ©All rights reserved.
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