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Today’s History Spotlight
The Battle of Chattanooga begins. Under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant, Union forces reinforced troops at Chattanooga, Tennessee, counterattacking Confederates under General Braxton Bragg. The battle ended on November 25 with a Union victory and Grant’s soldiers capturing Lookout Mountain.
Shortly after, Grant’s forces achieved another victory at the Battle of Missionary Ridge. Following this, President Abraham Lincoln placed Grant in control as Commanding General of the Union Army. Grant saw the Civil War’s end at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, on April 9, 1865. He later supervised Reconstruction of the southern states and served as President from 1869-1877.
What Happened On This Day – November 23
- 2009 Maguindanao massacre in the Philippines. Considered to be the worst attack on journalists in recorded history, the massacre occurred in the southern Philippines, when 57 citizens and journalists en route to register voters in Esmael Mangudadatu for the upcoming gubernatorial elections, were killed by gunmen and buried. 34 journalists were killed on the day.
- 2005 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf elected as President of Liberia. The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize winner is also the first woman to be elected as head of state in an African country.
- 1976 First person to dive 100 meters in the sea without breathing equipment. Frenchman Jacques Mayol, who is also sometimes known as Dolphin Man, was 49 years old at the time. He broke his own record 7 years later by diving 105 meters.
- 1963 Doctor Who debuts on TV. The longest running science fiction TV show first aired with an episode called An Earthly Child on the British Broadcasting Channel. The show that has had 11 different actors play the lead role, follows the time-traveling adventures of Doctor Who, who uses the Time and Relative Dimension in Space or TARDIS to jump around in time and space.
- 1910 Last person to be executed in Sweden. Johan Alfred Ander was convicted of murdering Victoria Hellsten during a robbery of a currency exchange. He was the only person in Swedish history to be executed using a guillotine. Capital punishment in the country was abolished for all peacetime crimes in 1921 and for all crimes in 1973.
Births On This Day – November 23
- 1992 Miley Cyrus – American singer-songwriter, actress
- 1982 Asafa Powell – Jamaican sprinter
- 1950 Chuck Schumer – American politician
- 1859 Billy the Kid – American criminal
- 912 Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
Deaths On This Day – November 23
- 2014 Marion Barry – American politician, 2nd Mayor of the District of Columbia
- 2006 Alexander Litvinenko – Russian spy
- 2006 Willie Pep – American boxer
- 1990 Roald Dahl – English pilot, author, screenwriter
- 1923 Urmuz – Romanian judge, author
The sections “What Happened On This Day,” “Births On This Day,” and “Deaths On This Day” originally appeared at TimeandDate.com and is republished with permission. ©All rights reserved.