March in American History: Part I

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Cancel Culture is real. Each and every day, we see it affecting more and more of our lives. One thing that the Far Left cannot cancel, no matter how hard they try, is true history. They may take down statues and ban articles from social media, but they cannot change what really happened. The month of March is filled with unique events in our nation’s history, some of which most people know about. The Boston Massacre, Battle of the Alamo, and many more events are to be discovered by researching American history for this month.

History is sometimes difficult to reflect upon, but when it is censored and hidden from the public, it is sure to be repeated. Let us learn about all events to ensure the best possible outcomes for our future. Read on to take a walk down memory lane for the first half of March!

March 1, 1781
The United States Articles of Confederation go into effect. Drafted to hold the states together as a loose confederation, many concerns later arose pertaining to the belief that many of the articles were too “weak.” With incidents such as Shays’ Rebellion, it became clearer to many that the need for a more unified nation was necessary. As a result, this called for a stronger union. The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, beginning in May 1787. Two of America’s first primary political parties emerged. The Federalists called for a stronger union, while preserving natural rights and much of the “British” system. On the other hand, the Anti-Federalists desired to preserve both the idea of natural rights and the Articles of Confederation. In September 1787, a new federal Constitution was adopted, resulting in a stronger union.

March 2, 1965
Operation Rolling Thunder begins. This was one of the deadliest campaigns waged during the Cold War era. The operation began in part due to the Gulf of Tonkin incident which occurred in August 1964. In an effort to prevent further Communist attacks on South Vietnam, as well as to stop the resupplying of Viet Cong forces, President Lyndon B. Johnson authorized the campaign. It lasted until October 1968, though the Vietnam War did not end until 1975. The Vietnam War was the longest-lasting conflict of the Cold War, lasting roughly two decades.

March 3, 1945
American and Filipino soldiers recapture Manila, Philippines. This month-long battle resulted in the deaths of over 100,000 civilians and featured some of the most brutal fighting in the Pacific Theater during World War II. In 1942, the Philippines fell to Japanese forces, resulting in a temporary Japanese occupation of the area and the devastating Bataan Death March. On the march, over 60,000 American and Filipino soldiers were killed under horrible physical conditions. Following the recapture of Manila, General Douglas MacArthur returned to the region to supervise reconstruction in October 1945.

March 4, 1789
The first US Congress convenes at Federal Hall in New York City. It was during this time that the new Constitution officially took effect. The Bill of Rights, as well as the 11th and 12th Amendments, were later introduced. The leading positions included John Adams as Senate President, John Langdon as Senate President pro-tem, and Frederick Muhlenberg as House Speaker. US Congress relocated to Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1790. They later moved to Washington DC in 1800 and have remained there since.

March 5, 1770
The Boston Massacre occurs. Following heavy tension between Boston colonists and the British Empire due to newly-enacted taxes and legislation, British Regulars were stationed in the city. This sparked outrage among the residents of Boston, and a confrontation between the townspeople and soldiers soon ensued. According to several eyewitness accounts, some citizens began throwing rocks, sticks, and snowballs at the soldiers. No one is certain what specifically prompted the Regulars to open fire, but the result was five dead and at least six others injured. The Boston Massacre is considered to be a primary triggering event of the American Revolution. Interestingly, John Adams – an attorney at the time of the massacre – represented the accused soldiers. Two of them were found guilty of manslaughter. Adams later became one of the leading voices in support of rebellion against the British crown.

March 6, 1836
The Battle of the Alamo comes to an end. This battle was the culmination of a 13-day siege by Mexican troops under the command of General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. Texan forces were lead by notable figures such as William Travis, David Crockett, and James Bowie. Crockett, who became one of the more legendary figures, was originally a US Representative from Tennessee. The Texans managed to defend the old Spanish mission site in San Antonio from two waves of Santa Anna’s soldiers. Virtually all Texan combatants were killed and “Remember the Alamo” became a popular rallying cry. Santa Anna was eventually defeated at the Battle of San Jacinto in April 1836. The status of Texas as its own republic came to an end on February 19, 1846, when Texas joined the United States.

March 7, 1965
Civil Rights protesters are brutally attacked by police in Selma, Alabama. Known as Bloody Sunday, this tragic event was part of the Selma to Montgomery Marches. Organized by nonviolent activists, the marches were held to protest unconstitutional segregationist policies and bring to light the suppression of African-American voters. On March 7 of that year, the protesters were attacked by police after crossing the county line towards their destination. One of the organizers, Amelia Boynton, was knocked unconscious. A second march began two days later, and that night, a universalist pastor named James Reeb was murdered by segregationists. On March 25, 1965, Martin Luther King Jr. traveled to Montgomery, Alabama, where he delivered a speech titled, “How Long? Not Long.” It was here that he stated, “The battle is in our hands. And we can answer with creative nonviolence the call to higher ground to which the new direction of our struggle summons us. The road ahead is not altogether a smooth one. There are no broad highways that lead us easily and inevitably to quick solutions. But we must keep going.”

March 8, 1983
President Ronald Reagan delivers his Evil Empire speech. This marked the first time that the phrase “Evil Empire” was used to describe the Soviet Union since its formation in 1922. During the speech, held at the 41st Convention of the National Association of Evangelicals in Orlando, Florida, Reagan remarked that the ideological conflict between the world’s two superpowers was a battle between good and evil. Likewise, he commented that he had a strategy to end the Cold War. During his presidency, Reagan brought the USSR to its knees with a “peace through strength” initiative. Upon visiting Moscow in 1988, Reagan remarked that he no longer believed the Soviet Union to be an evil empire, as times were changing. The Soviet Union dissolved in December 1991, the day after Christmas.

March 9, 1862
The Battle of Hampton Roads is fought. This battle was significant because it was the first to feature the fighting of ironclad warships. During the Civil War, ironclads dominated the Mississippi River and Atlantic coast. Ironclads proved to be very successful and paved the way for the Dreadnought battleship several decades later. On March 9, 1862, the USS Monitor engaged the CSS Virginia near Norfolk, resulting in a minor victory for the Monitor. The Battle of Hampton Roads ended with a tactical Confederate victory, but with a strategic Union victory, as Union forces maintained a blockade of the James River.

March 10, 1848
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the Mexican-American War. On behalf of the United States, Nicholas Trist acted as negotiator, while Jose Bernardo Couto, Miguel de Atristain, and Luis Gonzaga Cueves negotiated on behalf of Mexico. The result of the treaty was the acquisition of a large portion of the American West by the US, reducing Mexico to the territory below the Rio Grande. The area gained by the US later included the states of New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and California. As another result of the treaty, the US also retired Mexico’s debt.

March 11, 1941
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act. With World War II raging in Europe and Asia, the United States remained neutral at this time. Nonetheless, Roosevelt sought to provide the Allies with supplies. The Lend-Lease Act authorized the sending of food and material aid to Britain, free France, the Soviet Union, China, and other Allied nations. America entered the war in December of that year, following the Japanese attack on the US naval fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The Lend-Lease Act remained in effect until the Japanese defeat in 1945, when dissolved virtually overnight.

March 12, 1947
President Harry Truman announces the Truman Doctrine. This proposed a US monetary plan to provide economic relief and military aid to Greece and Turkey, which were believed to be in danger of falling to Communism. It was proposed in response to Britain’s withdrawal of aid to the two nations. The Truman Doctrine was officially adopted on July 4, 1948. It is widely believed that the Truman Doctrine laid the groundwork for modern US foreign policy, as well as the formation of NATO. Truman remarked that the US was obligated to assist countries around the world in preventing the spread of Communism and totalitarianism.

March 13, 1862
The US government forbids Union Army officers from returning fugitive slaves, annulling the Fugitive Slave Clause. This act was introduced with the Compromise of 1850, which admitted California into the union as a free state, while simultaneously admitting new territory in Texas and the New Mexico Territory. Slavery was undecided in the latter. With the federal government prohibiting Union officers from returning fugitive slaves, the stage was set for the Emancipation Proclamation. President Abraham Lincoln signed the document on January 1, 1863, though most slaves did not officially see freedom until the Civil War’s end. Some officers began referring to fugitive slaves as “contraband” to prevent them from being returned to Confederate territory.

March 15, 1767
Andrew Jackson is born in the Waxhaw Settlement. While the town of Waxhaw was later claimed by North Carolina, Jackson believed himself to have been born in South Carolina. In the late 1700s, Jackson represented Tennessee in both the US House of Representatives and US Senate. It was during this time that he acquired a large plantation outside of Nashville, Tennessee, which became known as the Hermitage. After gaining fame at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815, Jackson led troops during the Creek War and First Seminole War. Considered one of the founders of the Democratic Party, he served as president from 1829-1837, during which time he dissolved the Second National Bank and defused the Nullification Crisis by threatening South Carolina with war. He also authorized the relocation of five Native tribes to the Oklahoma region. This tragedy is known as the Trail of Tears, and because of this, Jackson is often considered one of America’s most controversial presidents. He passed away on June 8, 1845.

Stay tuned for Part II of American history in March!

Garrett Smith
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